Monday, November 21, 2005

Why the name Krishna?


Dear Readers,

We concluded the last article with an unanswered question which was asked by arjuna to Lord Shri Krishna. Arjuna wanted to know in detail about the infinite multitudes of auspicious attributes of the Lord. Truly His (Lord Krishna’s) sovereignty over the whole world is unrivalled and the universe is governed by His will, as it constitutes His body, with Him for its Self.

All the demi-gods like indra, agni (fire-god), shiva, bramha, Vishnu, yama etc have limited power. Indra is the king of all demi-gods. The agni deva (fire-god) rules the element of fire which has the capacity to burn anything. Shiva is given the power of annihilation i.e. the power to destroy anything. Bramha is given the power of creation i.e. he has the authority to create all living things like human-beings, animals, plants and so on. Vishnu is given the responsibility of maintaining the harmony or balance of the universe. Any abnormalities happening anywhere in the universe have to be set right by Him. Yama is the god of death. His job is to take the ‘life’ of everyone i.e. animals, plants, human beings etc at the right time.

But its Lord Krishna who is at the top of all of them and who has the supreme authority.

Just like the decision of the Supreme Court is deemed to be final and cannot be challenged by anyone so also any decision taken or anything done by Lord Krishna cannot be undone by anything or anyone.

Moving now towards the answer to the unanswered question of last article,

Lord Krishna says,

Hannta te KaTHayiSHyami DivyaHyatmaVibhutyaha
Pradhanyataha kurukshresHthaha nastyantO vistarasya mae

Indeed I shall tell you, O Arjuna, My auspicious manifestations (Vibhutis)-those that are prominent among these. There is no end to their extent.

Chapter 10 verse 19

Meaning: O Arjuna, I shall tell you My auspicious manifestations-those that are prominent among these. The term ‘Pradhanya’ connotes pre-eminence (importance). I shall tell you those manifestations of Mine that are prominent in the world. For it would not be possible to tell or listen to them in detail, because there is not limit to them.

Shri Krishna clearly declares that He rules over all the creatures by actuating them from within as their self. He also declares His being the creator, sustainer and destroyer of everything.

Ahamaathma gudaakesha SarvabHutashayastithaha
Ahamaadishrava madhyam cha bHutanamantaha aeva cha

I am the Self, O Arjuna, dwelling in the hearts of all beings. I am the beginning, the middle and also the end of all beings.

Chapter 10 verse 20

Meaning: I am the Self (soul) dwelling in the heart of all beings who constitute My body. The word ‘Self ‘ here should be interpreted as the supporter, controller and the principal of a body. Its something, in the absence of which a body by itself cannot exist. The meaning of ‘I am the beginning, the middle and also the end of all beings’ is that ‘I am the cause of the origination, sustentation and dissolution of everyone and everything. This is the message that Lord Krishna wants to convey through the above shloka.

As the Lord abides as the Self in all, the final significance of all terms culminates in Him. Terms such as God, man, bird, tree etc., though they signify the respective physical forms of those objects, they culminate through them in the selves in them as their final significance. The soul in them is the most important reason for their existence. Just like that here it is going to be stated in the conclusion of the account of the manifestations of the Lord, that the Lord’s immanence in them as their Self is the basis for describing them in such co-ordinate predication (as He Himself).

Thus having explained the Lord’s immanence in all beings, which are His manifestations having Him, as their Self, is the ground for naming them in the manner of Samanadhikaranya or co-ordinate predication with Him (i.e., predication that they are He Himself), Shri Krishna proceeds to present some specific or distinguished manifestations in the same style of co-ordinate predication.

We will have a glance at those manifestations in our forthcoming articles.

Sarvam Guruvarpanam

Monday, November 07, 2005

Why the name Krishna?


Wishing all our readers a very happy, noiseless and pollution free Diwali.Celebrate this Diwali in a unique manner by chanting the name of Lord Krishna. Surely this will make your Diwali a very special one. People nowadays have forgotten the real meaning behind celebrating Diwlali.For nearly everyone in our country Diwali symbolizes bursting crackers (thereby polluting the air), eating sweets and enjoying the holidays by spending time with their families. But everyone seems to have forgotten the reason why Diwali is celebrated. So lets know what the reason is.The first day of Diwali is known as Narakachaturdashi.On this day Lord Krishna killed the demon named Bhaumasura (also known as Narakasura) the son of mother earth (bhumi devi). This demon had caused havoc in the three worlds of heaven, earth and hell.So one of the most important things that one should do on this day is remembering the Lord for destroying the evil. Also one should pray to the Lord to destroy the evil thoughts arising in one’s mind. Just like everyone cleans the body by having a bath daily similarly its important for us to clean our minds also. This can be done by Krishna naamsankeertanam.The peace of mind one gets by chanting cannot be described in words. It can only be experienced.

Coming back to our articles now,

Dear Readers,
The previous article concluded the topic related to linking the scientific law of action-reaction phenomena with the karma theory of Hinduism. In these articles there has been the mention of one name
constantly. That name being the name of Lord Shri Krishna.All you readers must be thinking that why only this name and not the name of any other God? In Hinduism there are so many Gods like bramha, vishnu, shiva,indra, yama etc. but then what could be the reason for the propagation of the name of Lord Krishna? So in this article as well as the forthcoming ones we shall provide you with the answer.Lord Krishna is at the top of the hierarchy.

In an organisation what role and authority a 'Chief Executive officer' or the 'Managing Director' has,such is his power and authority. Under him would come all other demi-gods like bramha, vishnu, shankar,indra etc.This point is proved by He Himself i.e. Lord Krishna in Srimad Bhagwad Gita. Other than Krishna there is none who has said that yes! I am the Supreme One. The various asuras or rakshashas (demons) who in their times did tapas (penance) and got whatever boon they wanted,self-proclaimed themselves to be the Supreme. However they met their end at the hands of someone or theother more powerful than them.

The point being very simple that anyone can say he is something only if he actually is that.

In Bhagwad Gita He has given a detailed description of his supremacy to Arjuna.

Arjuna asks Krishna:

KatHam VidyamaHam YoginstVAm sadHa ParichintHayan?
Keshu Keshu cHa BHaveshu ChintayoSi Bhagvanmayaa

Chapter 10 shloka 17

How can I, your devotee, know You by constantlymeditating on You? And in what modes, O Lord, are youto be meditated upon by Me?

VisTHarenaatmane yogam vibhuthim cha janardhana
Bhuyaha Kathaya truptirHi ShruNvato naasti meAmrutam

Chapter 10 shloka 18

Speak to me again in full, O Krishna, about Your attributes and glories. For I am not satisfied by hearing your ambrosial words.

Arjuna asks this question because prior to his asking this question, Lord Krishna says:

AaHam sarvasya prabhavo Math: sarvam pravartha the
Iti matva bHajhante maam budha bHavsamanvitaha

I am the origin of all; from Me proceed everything; thinking thus the wise worship Me with all devotion.

Arjuna is not satisfied with this short description and he wants to know this explanation in a more elaborate manner.

To this Krishna replies as…………

…….to be continued

Sarvam Guruvarpanam

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