Sunday, May 21, 2006

Potential energy and Kinetic energy


Dear Readers,

Radhekrishna! We discussed the terms Potential energy and Kinetic energy in our previous article. We explained to you these two terms in ‘spiritual terminology.’ We continue with our explanations in this article also.

A body (mass) can have three stages. levels on the basis of height (altitude)

1. In the sky

2. Intermediate

3. On the earth i.e. (Ground level)


The total energy remains constant at any point in time

Total energy = Potential energy + Kinetic energy

i.e. TE = PE + KE

= mgh + ½mv²

remains constant at any point in time in all the three stages viz.

1. The sky

2. Intermediate

3. Ground.

The first stage (sky) includes the upper worlds of Vaikuntham,

The intermediate stage includes Devalokam, (the world of demi-gods) and

The ground level is represented as Bhoolokam. (the world of we human beings)

Let us discuss the proportions of potential and kinetic energy in each of the above stages, one by one. Let us find out that at every level (altitude) if the total energy is 100% then out of this 100% how much percent if potential energy and how much percent is kinetic energy.

State 1 : Sky

The sky is boundless. One does not know where the sky actually ends. The fact is that there is no end to the height of sky.

In the sky, h (height) = infinity.

So in the upper worlds, the proportion of potential energy is highest whereas kinetic energy is nil.

With the means of scientific formulae, this can be explained as under:

potential energy = mgh,

where mass (m) is negligible and height (h) is infinite.

In the sky, the gravitational pull exerted by the earth, which pulls everything towards the earth, is nil owing to the high altitude. It has no effect in the formula PE = mgh

So, PE = mg x infinity

= infinity

KE = ½mv², where v = velocity of light.

In the sky, ‘m’ is negligible and velocity ‘v’ has no role to play since there is no movement in the sky. So v² has no impact. Therefore, KE = 0.

Thus it can be concluded that

In the sky, TE = infinite PE + 0. (Where KE = 0).

The person who possesses such immense potential energy is given a very high position in the upper worlds.

So in the upper worlds various posts are given depending on the hierarchy of PE (potential energy).

At the apex (top most level) of this hierarchy of the upper worlds, is the abode of Lord Shri Krishna which is called Vaikuntham. Lord Krishna is the caretaker of one and all. Below him are the various forms of Lord Krishna such as Brahma, the creator; Vishnu, the maintainer and Shiva, the destroyer. Their worlds are Brahmalokam, Vishnulokam and Rudralokam. These forms have been assigned their respective duties and are hence they are a subset of Lord Krishna.

We will look at the remaining stages in our forthcoming articles as regards the extent or proportion of potential and kinetic energy at those stages.

Till then do continuous chanting by just surrendering yourself at the lotus feet of Lord Shri Krishna. Total Surrender (sharanagathi) is one of the most important messages which is spread to everyone by our beloved Gurujiamma. She has always stressed the importance of shedding one's ego and surrendering to Lord Krishna.

Try out this method just as you eat a food preparation, which you have never eaten before.

Sarvam Guruvarpanam

Saturday, May 06, 2006

Potential energy and Kinetic energy



Radhekrishna to all the readers!

We continue with our explanation on the scientific law of conservation of energy. In this issue we will explain you the terms ‘potential energy’ and ‘kinetic energy’ in both scientific and spiritual ways.

Scientific law says, “The total energy remains constant always “. The two forms of energy are potential energy and kinetic energy.

Potential Energy is the energy possessed by virtue of its position. An example would be water stored in a dam. This water if allowed to flow and fall from a height is capable of producing electricity. But when stored in a dam, it has potential energy.

Kinetic Energy is the energy acquired through motion. An example would be an arrow released from a bow. Due to its motion, it has energy which hurts the person or the object at which it is aimed.

Total Energy = Sum of potential energy and Kinetic energy.

Let us call Total Energy = TE, Potential Energy = PE, Kinetic Energy =KE.

Hence, TE = PE + KE.

PE = mgh, where, m = mass, g = gravitation force, h = height.

KE = mv², where, m = mass, v² = velocity of light.

As per law TE = PE + KE => TE = mgh + mv²

i.e. mgh + 1/2mv² remains constant always.

These two forms of energy can be directly correlated to hinduism in the following manner:

The two corresponding forms of potential and kinetic energy are

1) SHIVA and 2) SHAKTI respectively.

Among the three qualities ‘Sattva’ (goodness), ‘Rajas’ (passion) and ‘Tamas’ (ignorance), Shiva represents the quality of ignorance. Brahma represents the quality of passion. Vishnu represents the quality of goodness.

Shiva represents “IDLENESS”. People describe a person who is very lazy by saying, “He sits idle just as SHIVA”. Prima Facie, he (Shiva) just sits idle (But actually he does meditation).

Shiva is considered to have a lot of potential energy. His divine abode is very high, above in the sky. Shiva corresponds to the entire potential energy which is given by P.E. = mgh

The counter part of SHIVA, SHAKTI represents movement i.e. K.E. (kinetic energy)

KE = 1/2mv². m= mass, v = velocity.

When a body moves from rest, it will be moving with a velocity v.

m=mass of the body. KE comes only when the body is in motion.

“SAKTHI” represents movement. “SAKTHI” acquires her energy by means of motion.

Shakti corresponds to the entire kinetic energy, which is given by

K.E. = 1/2mv².

To summarise:

PE = Potential energy = mgh = energy by position = SHIVA = IDLE (sitting)

KE = Kinetic energy = 1/2mv2 = energy by motion = SHAKTI = MOVEMENT (motion).

The total energy = PE + KE.

Thus SHIVA and SHAKTI are equally powerful. One half of the total energy is SHIVA while the other half is SHAKTI.

They represent the two sides of the coin, i.e. of the total energy namely PE and KE.

So dear readers, this was a description of potential and kinetic energy with ‘a touch of Hinduism.’

We will continue on related topics in the next issue.

Till then keep chanting the name of Lord Radhekrishna and enjoy the peace of mind attained through it.

Sarvam Guruvarpanam.


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